There are many different types of arthritis that can affect your feet. Some are localized in one or more joints and others are systemic. They are caused by heredity, overuse, injury and/or mechanical stress of a joint. Arthritis can affect the bone structure, joint deformity, the gait and overall lifestyle. This condition cannot be reversed but can be stopped or prolonged. Some are more common than others Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
The most common type of arthritis, which is localized and only affects certain joints. It is caused by wear and tear of a joint due to overuse, stress and/or injury.
Deformity caused by mechanical stress. We tend to see this deformity passed down from generation to generation; however, it is not the bunion that is hereditary, but the foot structure. The faulty foot structure causes an abnormal gait creating stress on the big toe. This leads to bunion and hammer toe deformities. Deformity caused by poor choice of footwear. Poor fitted shoes create stress on the joint and years of toes that are being squeezed in a shoe will create stress on the joint causing the deformity. Deformity can also be caused by: injury, nerve damage and tendon strain.
Systemic arthritis, which affects the whole body. It is a condition that affects tissues surrounding the joints throughout the body, which usually becomes deformed. This predominantly occurs in the feet due to stress and impact of daily activities. Other Types: The other common types of arthritis that can affect the gait, stability and lifestyle are:
- Degenerative Disk Disease
Accommodating orthotics and properly fitted footwear to improve mechanical function of the foot to decrease the stress on the joints.
Custom made insole fabricated to contour and support the arch of the foot and to accommodate any foot deformities. The orthotic allows the weight of the body to be distributed evenly along the foot, which decreases any point pressures. This slows down the deterioration of the joint or foot deformities. By maintaining proper foot positioning, the mechanical stress is being relieved and the pain is decreased. -Please contact your family physician if you have additional questions-
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